Arquivos para Artigos Científicos

Vitamina D Toxicity

Asif, A., & Farooq, N. (2021). Vitamin D Toxicity. StatPearls [Internet] Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin that is found in some animal food products and is also synthesized in the human body via exposure to the sun. Toxicity of vitamin D leads to hypercalcemia and imbalance in the regulation of bone metabolism; the resultant hypercalcemia leads to clinical manifestations and symptoms of toxicity. This activity reviews the etiology, evaluation, and treatment of vitamin D toxicity. It highlights the role of the healthcare providers in identifying the patients at risk for toxicity and the importance of appropriate medication reconciliation to
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Categories: Artigos Científicos.

Vitamin D deficiency

Sizar, O., Khare, S., Goyal, A., Bansal, P., & Givler, A. (2021). Vitamin D deficiency. StatPearls [Internet] Vitamin D is a fat-soluble vitamin used by the body for normal bone development and maintenance by increasing the absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate. A circulating level of 25-hydroxyvitamin D greater than 30 ng/mL is required to maintain a healthy level of vitamin D. Vitamin D deficiency can lead to an array of problems, most notably rickets in children and osteoporosis in adults. The fortification of milk with vitamin D in the 1930s was effective in eradicating rickets in the world. However,
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Categories: Artigos Científicos.

Cholecalciferol

Al-Hashimi, N., & Abraham, S. (2021). Cholecalciferol. StatPearls [Internet]. Cholecalciferol is a medication used to manage and treat osteoporosis and Vitamin D insufficiency/ deficiency in both healthy patients and those with chronic kidneydisease (CKD). This activity reviews the indications, action, and contraindications for cholecalciferol as a valuable agent in managing vitamin Ddeficiency/insufficiency and other disorders when applicable. This activity will highlight the mechanism of action, adverse event profile, and other vital factors such asoff-label uses, dosing, pharmacodynamics, monitoring, and relevant interactions pertinent for healthcare team members in the management of patients with vitamin Ddeficiency/ insufficiency and related conditions.
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Categories: Artigos Científicos.

Vitamin A Deficiency

Hodge, C., & Taylor, C. (2021). Vitamin A Deficiency. StatPearls [Internet]. Vitamin A is a fat-soluble vitamin essential in cell development, metabolism, immune competency, vision, and reproductive functions. Vitamin A deficiency (VAD) is a highly prevalent health concern associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, mostly affecting young children in impoverished regions throughout the world. Insufficient intake of absorption leads to deficiency and compromise of essential physiologic processes. Natural sources of vitamin A include dark leafy greens, orange-colored vegetables, milk products, liver, and fish. It is absorbed in the duodenum after hydrolyzation by pancreatic and intestinal enzymes and emulsified with dietary
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Categories: Artigos Científicos.